Khajuraho

Khajuraho is known for its magnificent temples which are among the most creative examples of the Indian architecture. Built between 950 and 1050 A.D, only 22 temples out of 85 now survive. Khajuraho sculpture is sublime and sensuous, the centre of new imagery in art. The popular theme is woman: reflective, playful amorous. The carving also depict Griffins, Nymphs, Beasts, Demons in revolt, Gods in cosmic evolution, fear, doubt, jealousy, ardent love and consummate passion. The temples of Khajuraho can be divided into three geographical groups - western, eastern and southern.

Sightseeing at Khajuraho -
The Khajuraho Temples : Situated in the heart of Central India, in the state of Madhya Pradesh, Khajuraho is a fascinating village with a quaint rural ambience and a rich cultural heritage. The epochal creations of the fascinating Khajuraho are an unparalleled Indian contribution to human civilisation. An architectural marvel, the complex of 85 temples were said to have been constructed by the Chandela kings between 950 and 1050 A.D. Of the 85 temples only 22 survive today. A new one was excavated recently. It is said to be the largest of them all. The temples have sublime and sensuous sculptures, portraying a journey into eternity. The marvelous temples contain stunning sculptures exhibits life in every form and mood, has been beautifully etched out in stone, justifying the excellent craftsmanship and artistry of the Chandela Rajputs.

History of Temples : Khajuraho temples were constructed between 950 and 1050 A.D. during the reign of Chandel Empire. Khajuraho derives its name from the Khajur tree (the date palm tree) which can be found in abundance in the area. These temples are khajuraho Temple considered the "high point" of Indian architectural genius in the Medieval period. Originally there were 85 temples, of which only 22 still exist.

The Architecture : Each structure stands on a high masonry platform with a distinct upward direction to their build, further enhanced by several vertical projections to simulate the effect of an overall lightness. The three main compartments are the entrance (ardhamandapa), assembly hall (mandapa), and the actual sanctum (garbha griha). The temples at Khajuraho are grouped into three geographical divisions : Western Group of Temples, Eastern Group of Temples and Southern Group of Temples.

Western Group of Temples : The most striking structure at Khajuraho is the Kendriya Mahadeo Temple, which is soaring 31 km high upwards. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva, the sanctum enshrines a lingam, a phallic symbol. The amazingly Chaunsath Yogini temple is dedicated to goddess Kali. Facing eastwards to the rising sum, Chitragupta temple is dedicated to the Sun God Surya. A three headed image of Brahma is enshrined in Vishwanath Temple. The lintel over the entrance of beautiful Lakshman Temple shows the trinity of Lords Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva, with Lakshmi, Vishnu's consort.

Eastern Group of Temples : The temples in this group can be subdivided into two one being a cluster of Jain temples and another scattered through the small village. Parsvanath Temple is the largest in this group. The temple was initially dedicated to Adinath but the statue was replaced by that of Parsavanath in 1860 A.D. Dedicated to the Jain saint Adinath, Adinath Temple is lavishly embellished with sculpted figures, including Yakshis.

Southern Group of Temples : This comprises only two temples. A track running south from Jain enclosures reaches the first called Duladeo Temple. It is among the latest built temples at Khajuraho, more accurate, finer and equally graceful, with figures of women in various moods. The other temple is Chaturbhuj Temple which has a three meter image of Vishnu.

Reaching Khajuraho -
By Air : Khajuraho has an airport that links it with Delhi, Agra, Varanasi and Kathmandu.
By Rail : The nearest railheads are Mahoba (64 km), Harpalpur (94 km), Jhansi (175 km) and Satna (117km).
By Road : Bus services link Khajuraho with all major towns of Madhya Pradesh.


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